His primary areas of investigation include Ecology, Rocky shore, Intertidal zone, Herbivore and Shore. His Ecology and Habitat, Abundance, Limpet, Snail and Foraging investigations all form part of his Ecology research activities. His Rocky shore research integrates issues from Relative species abundance and Botany, Ecological succession, Primary succession, Chlorophyll a.
His Intertidal zone research includes themes of Salinity and Ectotherm. His Herbivore study integrates concerns from other disciplines, such as Phytoplankton, Algae, Cladophora, Reproductive success and Grazing. His Shore study combines topics from a wide range of disciplines, such as Barnacle, Coastal zone, Animal science and Nacella.
Ecology, Intertidal zone, Rocky shore, Oceanography and Shore are his primary areas of study. Limpet, Gastropoda, Algae, Cellana grata and Foraging are the primary areas of interest in his Ecology study. Gray A. Williams interconnects Predation and Mollusca in the investigation of issues within Gastropoda.
The concepts of his Intertidal zone study are interwoven with issues in Barnacle, Climate change and Ectotherm. His work in Rocky shore addresses issues such as Herbivore, which are connected to fields such as Grazing. Gray A. Williams has included themes like Japonica and Seasonality in his Shore study.
Gray A. Williams spends much of his time researching Ecology, Intertidal zone, Rocky shore, Oceanography and Fishery. His Shore research extends to the thematically linked field of Ecology. His studies deal with areas such as Thermoregulation, Tropics and Temporal scales as well as Shore.
His Intertidal zone study combines topics in areas such as Barnacle, Climate change and Ectotherm. Gray A. Williams works mostly in the field of Rocky shore, limiting it down to topics relating to Limpet and, in certain cases, Grazing pressure. His study in the field of Trawling and Demersal zone also crosses realms of South china.
His primary areas of investigation include Ecology, Intertidal zone, Climate change, Mating and Rocky shore. Gray A. Williams integrates several fields in his works, including Ecology and Radiata. Gray A. Williams integrates Intertidal zone with Heat stress in his research.
His Climate change research is multidisciplinary, incorporating perspectives in Habitat destruction, Marine habitats, Ecosystem and Environmental resource management. The study incorporates disciplines such as Gastropoda, Echinolittorina malaccana and Reproductive success in addition to Mating. His Rocky shore research focuses on Cellana grata in particular.
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Plant-animal interactions in the marine benthos
Gray A. Williams;S. J. Hawkins.
Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom (1991)
The biology of rocky shores
Habitat partitioning and thermal tolerance in a tropical limpet, Cellana grata
Marine Ecology Progress Series (1995)
The relative importance of habitat complexity and surface area in assessing biodiversity: Fractal application on rocky shores
Ecological Complexity (2005)
Scraping a living: a review of littorinid grazing
T. A. Norton;S. J. Hawkins;N. L. Manley;G. A. Williams.
Thermal adaptation in the intertidal snail Echinolittorina malaccana contradicts current theory by revealing the crucial roles of resting metabolism
The Journal of Experimental Biology (2011)
The relationship between shade and molluscan grazing in structuring communities on a moderately-exposed tropical rocky shore
Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology (1994)
Beyond long-term averages: making biological sense of a rapidly changing world
Climate Change Responses (2014)
Distribution of algae on tropical rocky shores: Spatial and temporal patterns of non-coralline encrusting algae in Hong Kong
Marine Biology (1996)
Taking Steps toward Marine and Coastal Ecosystem-Based Management: An Introductory Guide
Biodiversity and Conservation (2011)
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