Finance Degree Guide: 2021 Costs, Requirements & Job Opportunities

Finance Degree Guide: 2021 Costs, Requirements & Job Opportunities
Imed Bouchrika by Imed Bouchrika
Chief Data Scientist & Head of Content

Holding a finance degree can open a student’s career path in public, corporate, nonprofit, and personal industries. Among the responsibilities they would encounter in their roles are financial planning, investment management, and insurance management. Other career paths outside of the scope of the finance industry can also be open to degree holders, such as hedge fund management, venture capitalism, and real estate agent (Gwynedd Mercy University, 2021).

Some of the important skills students gain when they undertake a finance degree are accounting, analytical thinking, and a wide array of finance skills like performance measurement and investment principles (Doyle, 2020).

Business-related degrees, such as finance are among the popular fields of study in post-secondary institutions in the United States. In the academic year 2017-2018, colleges and universities awarded 386,201 diplomas (NCES, 2020). This guide to finance degree programs can help prospective finance students in deciding what courses to take, where to study for the degree, and how much to prepare for their tuition. After reading this, they should also be able to decide whether they want to pursue a finance degree or an accounting degree.

Finance Degree Table of Contents

  1. What Is a Finance Degree?
  2. Cost of Finance Degree
  3. Finance Degree Jobs
  4. Types of Degrees in Finance
  5. Finance Degree Requirements
  6. What to Look for in a Finance Program
  7. Majors Related to Finance

What is a Finance Degree?

A finance degree prepares students for roles that have to do with stock markets, market predictions, and investments. It also sharpens a learner’s math skills to prepare them in dealing with complex data sets. The degree also entails arming students with knowledge about financial management tools, investment practices and analysis, and financial planning (American Intercontinental University, 2017).

Enrolling in a finance program means that a student is going to learn about financial analysis. They will also encounter asset and debt management, capital planning, and funds acquisition. The curriculum for finance can include matters of international finance as well. A broader finance definition would include personal, corporate, and public or government finance.

What can you do with a finance degree?

Again, a finance degree has corporate, government or public, or personal applications. Should you choose the corporate way, you can become a financial analyst or investment manager. Those who want to go into public service can become budget managers or spend analysts. Those who would rather go into personal finance have numerous options for them, too. They can be personal finance planners and manage clients’ estates.

finance degrees-awarded-by-Bernard-M-Baruch-College

Cost of Finance Degree

The best universities and colleges to learn finance degree skills can be costly. That is why students and parents must prepare for finance degree tuition as early as possible. Students should note as well that should they choose to study out-of-state or abroad, their tuition would be higher.

How much does it cost to get a finance degree?

While there is no specific separate tuition for a finance degree, students can still get an idea of how much it costs to study. They only need to look at the average tuition fees for associate, bachelor’s, master’s, and doctoral degrees.

High School Course Requirements for Admission to Bachelor's Degree in Computer Science

SubjectLength of Study
English4 years
Mathematics4 years
Physics1 year
Chemistry, Biology, or Computer Science2 years
Foreign Language2 years
Source: Carnegie Mellon University, 2021

For a master’s degree in finance, it will cost nearly $30,000 in a public school and almost $40,000 in a private institution (Tretina, 2020). These are figures for annual tuition and fees only. There could be other fees and the tuition could go higher for Ivy League schools.

Meanwhile, a Ph.D. in finance could cost as little as $1,300 per semester or $2,600 per year (Georgia Tech, 2021) or $30,000 per year (Baluch, 2021). Again, these figures vary widely and would be higher with a private institution.

Is a degree in finance worth it?

Getting a degree in finance is a huge commitment. It does, however, have great benefits. The jobs pay well and there is a steady demand for finance professionals. And the minimum requirement for most finance roles is a bachelor’s degree (Erstad, 2017).

Finance Degree Jobs

Finance degree jobs require highly analytical thinking. This is because their roles need them to look over financial statements and similar accounts. Moreover, some jobs entail awareness of the market and the ability to predict future directions.

Is finance in high demand?

According to Malinsky (2020) of investment platform Acorns, financial advisors are in demand. This role has an average salary of $66,083 per year. Additionally, the BLS (2021) relates that the employment outlook for business and financial occupations is set to grow by 5% from 2019 to 2029. Aside from the demand, finance-related roles pay handsomely—finance is one of the highest-paying college majors.

What jobs can you get with a finance degree?

  1. Personal Financial Advisor. This role’s primary responsibility is to provide advice to individuals in managing their finances. To do that, they ask clients about their financial goals and educate them about the types of financial services available that can help them achieve their goals.
  2. Management Analyst. This job has a person working closely with a company’s management to assist them in increasing their efficiency. Apart from interviewing personnel to determine what improvements are needed, management analysts also look over financial data.
  3. Financial Analyst. These people give advice to businesses and individuals where to put their money for maximum profit. They also evaluate and analyze current and historical financial data to give the best advice.
  4. Financial Examiners. They assist organizations in complying with finance-related laws. Financial examiners are responsible for reviewing balance sheets, assessing bank management, and evaluating the risks of loans as well.
  5. Budget Analysts. Their job is similar to financial analysts. However, they are mainly concerned with planning finances to organize spending.

financial occupations growth rate

What kind of salary can I earn with a finance degree?

Based on the jobs mentioned above, a finance major can earn as much as $89,330 per year, according to BLS (2021). That is the median pay—in some states or cities, that figure could be higher or lower. For example, personal financial advisors can make $135,770 in the District of Columbia, the highest average salary for the job in the United States. But those working in Oklahoma get the short end of the stick as the median annual pay there for personal financial advisors is $82,750 (Indeed Editorial Team, 2021).

Tax examiners and collectors and revenue agents have a median salary of $55,640. It is one of the lowest among the occupations for finance majors. Similarly, meeting, convention, and event planners have a median pay of $51,560 per year (BLS, 2021).

Fundraisers, training and development specialists, and human resource specialists are in the middle range when it comes to salary. They have a median pay of $59,610, $62,700, and $63,490, respectively (BLS, 2021).

Source: Indeed Editorial Team, 2021

Types of Degrees in Finance

There are four finance degree types (as well as a certificate) a student can achieve in finance. These are associate, bachelor’s, master’s, and doctorate. Not all institutions offer all types of degrees in the fields of finance, though. This is why if a student is interested in undertaking further studies, they may have to widen their scope of search.

What kinds of finance degrees are there?

1. Associate Degree in Finance

Average time to complete: 2 years

An associate degree in finance typically takes two years to complete. For example, the Wake Technical Community College (2021) requires 68 credits for the completion of the degree program. Students can expect coursework about business law, financial management, and economics.

Depending on the institution, students can choose to take the program wholly online or on-campus. There are also colleges and schools that offer hybrid learning formats. Students learn to be versed in finance language as well. And during their course of study, they gain a deeper knowledge of financial operations.

Entry-level jobs: accountant, auditor, financial clerk

2. Bachelor Degree in Finance

Average time to complete: 4 years

While a bachelor’s program in finance usually takes four years to complete, there are colleges and universities that offer an accelerated track. To graduate, students also need to finish double the credit requirement of an associate degree.

While undertaking a bachelor’s degree program in finance, students will gain fundamental business knowledge and practices. Along the way, they will learn to utilize information technology to help them in business analysis and operations, too. Plus, if the academic institution offers concentrations, students will have more in-depth knowledge about banking and financial services, corporate valuation, and investment analysis (Temple University, 2021; University of Nevada, Reno, 2021).

Bachelor’s programs in finance can either be of arts or of science. The difference between these is that in BA in Finance, the student will encounter a well-rounded curriculum. Thus, they will take a wide array of courses that can include language, history, psychology, and communications. On the other hand, BS in Finance will have a mix of general education courses, too, but fewer. Instead, most of their courses will be focused on preparing them for a career in business and finance.

As with an associate degree, a bachelor’s in finance can be taken on-campus, online, or have a mixture of both.

Entry-level jobs: investment banker, mutual fund manager, personal financial advisor

3. Master’s Degree in Finance

Average time to complete: 1 to 3 years

Achieving a master’s degree in finance can take between one to three years. That is because there are graduate schools that enable students to take the fast track in degree earning (Ohio State University, 2021). And it can take longer because, at this point, there are master’s students who work full-time and in high-level positions, too.

By enrolling in a master’s in finance program, students can broaden their knowledge of organizational finance. They will have advanced discussions of economic theory, mergers and acquisitions, international markets, corporate finance, and risk management. And as they take their master’s degree courses, students will hone their quantitative, analytic, and problem-solving skills further (Harvard Extension School, 2021).

Distance learning is possible for a master’s degree in finance although there are fewer colleges and universities that provide the option.

Entry-level jobs: chief financial officer, internal auditor, international finance analyst

4. Doctoral Degree in Finance

Average time to complete: 3 to 4 years

A doctoral degree in finance is a rigorous program. Institutions like the Stanford Graduate School of Business have 4-year Ph.D. in finance programs. The topics covered include pricing and valuation of assets and the behaviors of financial markets. Students can expect to encounter thorough studies of issues in those areas. They will also be required to develop theoretical models that attempt to explain those issues as well as to test those models empirically.

Hybrid instruction Ph.D. programs are common but most institutions only offer face-to-face instructions.

Entry-level jobs: vice president of finance, director of finance, professor

5. Certificate in Finance

Average time to complete: 2 to 3 months

To gain a certificate in finance, students take a mix of short courses whose aim is to demystify various aspects of the field. These can assist learners in gaining fundamental knowledge of the language of finance. And within a short span (usually two to three months), they should have a better understanding of financial analysis and management (eCornell, 2021). Other institutions have a curriculum of four required courses and 15 semester units, such as the UC Berkeley Extension.

Certifications nowadays are mostly offered online but students can still enroll in on-campus short courses.

Entry-level jobs: bookkeeping clerk, accounting clerk, auditing clerk

Finance Degree Requirements

Because of the rigor required in studying finance and related subjects, finance degree prerequisites for admission and retention can be strict.

Admission Requirements

Proof of Graduation

Universities and colleges require students to show proof that they graduated from high school. Thus, they have to submit official transcripts from all high schools they attended. For current or previous undergraduate students, they should present transcripts from schools they previously attended.

Transcript

High school students seeking submission to an undergraduate finance program need to have achieved a B average in the above-mentioned subjects.

Coursework

Certain universities may have high school course requirements. A case in point is the University of North Carolina at Greensboro (2021). To be admitted to the program, students must have 4 units of English, Math, and Science. They need to have 2 units of Social Science and Foreign Language as well.

SAT or ACT score

In some schools, SAT/ACT scores are optional But should they be required, a minimum GPA of B or 3.0 is needed.

Other Requirements

As a common practice in college admissions, students should prepare a personal essay. It could be on any topic or a subject specified by the institution.

Optional requirements may include letters of recommendation and/or an interview with a counselor.

Skill Requirements

To be a good finance student and a finance professional in the future, you must have or develop the following finance degree skills:

Problem-Solving Skills

Finance involves a lot of problem-solving. As such, students are expected to have problem-solving skills. They need to be able to face complex statements and situations and cope with those accordingly. 

Analytical Skills

Students should demonstrate their ability to think logically. In this way, they can tackle problems never encountered before and come up with adequate solutions. They also need to be analytical in looking at data sets for accurate market or business predictions.  

Interpersonal Skills

Finance professionals often work with each other or with colleagues from other business units. To ensure smooth collaboration, they must have strong interpersonal skills. These are something that students should be able to have or develop during their years in college.

grade average requirement for finance degree program

What to Look for in a Finance Program

When looking for a finance program to enroll in, there are several things you must consider. One of those is your time commitment. Are you going to focus on your studies completely or do you need to study part-time only? There are academic institutions that are strict with their commitment requirements and you may want to look for a school that allows you to study part-time. Other considerations are the following:

Available Specializations

There are finance degree programs that have a general curriculum. And there are those that offer specializations like Corporate Finance, Financial Institutions, Risk Management, and Personal Financial Planning. Others may offer only two specialization tracks that may not include the one a student is looking for. That is why it is prudent to ask or research what specializations a school offers.

Accreditation

There are three organizations known to grant accreditation or recognition to colleges and universities for their finance degree programs. These are the Association to Advance Collegiate Schools of Business International (AACSB), the International Assembly for Collegiate Business Education (IACBE), and the Accreditation Council for Business Schools and Programs. A school may have three seals of recognition but even one would suffice.

Students can double-check the accreditation status of a school’s program on the respective websites of the accrediting bodies.

School Reputation and Faculty Reputation

A school with a good track of producing top-quality students can be considered to have a good reputation. Additionally, a name that is rooted in history can be a trustworthy institution. But other than a school’s reputation, a student must also look into faculty reputation.

Students want to learn from the best and some of the best are those who have experience in the industry. They can also be researchers who regularly study and analyze markets and other finance issues.

Student-Teacher Ratio

A low student-to-teacher ratio is ideal in any classroom setting. It typically is 15:1 or 10:1 with some variations. In a smaller classroom environment, teaching staff can be more engaged with students. Learners themselves can interact with each other as well as their instructor well. The latter is beneficial since they do not have to undergo difficulties in getting the instructor’s attention whenever they have questions or clarifications. Class dynamics can be productive in such cases (Open Education Database, 2021).

Financial Aid Options

Students who may need financial aid need to check on what scholarships or aids a college or a university offers. Often, academic institutions provide full scholarships or discounts to students who meet their grade requirements. Other than that, students can check whether they are eligible for external scholarships from foundations, government agencies, and companies.

Majors Related to Finance

Be Analytical about Finance

Finance is an attractive degree, especially to those who want to have high-earning entry-level jobs. But the field of finance can be exacting because of the long hours, odd hours, and sometimes, necessity to work on weekends and holidays. Students should be prepared to learn to look at the bigger picture because that is often necessary when analyzing markets and economies.

Of course, they also need to actually enjoy working with finance and with other people. Roles in finance often require professionals to work with a team or with entire departments to come up with solutions. Thus, they need to be able to collaborate smoothly.

If you are committed to taking a finance degree, then this guide should have helped you determine whether you have the right admission requirements and skills. This should have informed you about what you can expect from the coursework and allowed you to decide whether to go for an associate or bachelor’s degree or a certificate.

And if you are thinking of advancing your career but are tight on budget, then you can survey these 100 best value colleges in the US.

 

References:

  1. American Intercontinental University. (2021). Majoring in finance: What to expect as a finance major. American Intercontinental University.
  2. Back to College Blog. (2021). What can you do with a finance degree? Franklin University.
  3. Baluch, A. (2021, March 21). What’s the average cost of a doctorate degree? The Balance.
  4. BLS. (2020, September 1). Business and financial occupations: Occupational outlook handbook. U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics.
  5. College Tuition Compare. (2021). Schools tuition for finance program. College Tuition Compare.
  6. Doyle, A. (2020, October 5). Important financial skills that employers value. The Balance Careers.
  7. eCornell. (2021). Business and finance. Cornell University.
  8. Erstad, W. (2017, July 31). Is a finance degree worth it? 4 factors impacting your finance career forecast. Rasmussen University.
  9. Fisher College of Business. (2021). Specialized master in finance. Ohio State University.
  10. Gwynedd Mercy University. (2021). Careers in finance: What can you do with a finance degree? Gwynedd Mercy University.
  11. Harvard Extension School. (2021, April 28). Finance graduate program. Harvard Division of Continuing Education.
  12. Indeed Editorial Team. (2021, March 30). 10 popular finance jobs and salaries. Indeed.
  13. NCES. (2020). Bachelor’s degrees conferred by postsecondary institutions, by field of study: Selected years, 1970-71 through 2017-18. Department of Education.
  14. Open Education Database. (2021). Schools ranked by student-faculty ratio. OEDB.org.
  15. Scheller College of Business. (2020, August 31). PhD tuition and financing options: Scheller college of business. Georgia Tech.
  16. Temple University. (2021). Finance major. Temple University.
  17. Tretina, K. (2020, May 8). How much does a master’s degree cost? Student Loan Hero.
  18. University of Nevada, Reno. (2021). Bachelor’s degree in finance. University of Nevada, Reno.
  19. UNCG Admissions. (2021, January 5). HS course requirements. University of North Carolina at Greensboro.
  20. Wake Technical Community College. (2021, February 15). Accounting and finance AAS degree. Wake Technical Community College.

Newsletter & Conference Alerts

Research.com uses the information to contact you about our relevant content. For more information, check out our privacy policy.