Norman E. Spear mainly investigates Developmental psychology, Endocrinology, Internal medicine, Conditioning and Ethanol. His work carried out in the field of Developmental psychology brings together such families of science as Avoidance Conditioning, Arousal, Forgetting and Odor. His research in Endocrinology intersects with topics in Progressive ratio and Reflex.
The various areas that Norman E. Spear examines in his Conditioning study include Reinforcement and Conditioned place preference. The study incorporates disciplines such as Alcohol, Anesthesia, Physiology and Thermoregulation in addition to Ethanol. Norman E. Spear has included themes like Neuroscience and Spontaneous alternation in his Classical conditioning study.
His main research concerns Developmental psychology, Endocrinology, Internal medicine, Conditioning and Ethanol. His Developmental psychology research includes elements of Audiology, Forgetting, Odor, Olfaction and Physiology. He interconnects Taste and Gestation in the investigation of issues within Endocrinology.
His research integrates issues of Offspring, Sensitization and Sucrose in his study of Internal medicine. His study in Conditioning is interdisciplinary in nature, drawing from both Stimulus and Neuroscience. His Ethanol research incorporates elements of Anesthesia, Alcohol, Ingestion, Fetus and Reinforcement.
The scientist’s investigation covers issues in Internal medicine, Endocrinology, Ethanol, Anesthesia and Developmental psychology. His biological study deals with issues like Gestation, which deal with fields such as In utero. The Endocrinology study combines topics in areas such as Offspring, Analysis of variance, Opioid and Sensitization.
His studies deal with areas such as Classical conditioning, Conditioning, Fetus, Reinforcement and Physiology as well as Ethanol. His Anesthesia research integrates issues from Ingestion, Taste and Alcohol, Ethanol intake. His biological study spans a wide range of topics, including Motor activity, Olfaction and Odor.
Norman E. Spear spends much of his time researching Endocrinology, Internal medicine, Ethanol, Developmental psychology and Anesthesia. His Endocrinology research is multidisciplinary, relying on both Associative learning, Analysis of variance, Gestation and Opioid. His Internal medicine research is multidisciplinary, incorporating perspectives in Infralimbic cortex, Prefrontal cortex and Extinction.
His Ethanol study incorporates themes from Ingestion, Conditioning, Ontogeny and Physiology. His studies in Developmental psychology integrate themes in fields like Alcohol seeking, Odor, Olfaction, Fetus and Reinforcement. The concepts of his Anesthesia study are interwoven with issues in Classical conditioning, Stimulation and Ethanol intake.
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Information processing in animals : memory mechanisms
Norman E. Spear;Ralph R. Miller.
American Journal of Psychology (1983)
Retrieval of memory in animals.
Norman E. Spear.
Psychological Review (1973)
The processing of memories : forgetting and retention
Norman E. Spear.
American Journal of Psychology (1980)
Ontogeny of memory.
Byron A. Campbell;Norman E. Spear.
Psychological Review (1972)
Information processing in animals : conditioned inhibition
Ralph R. Miller;Norman E. Spear.
Fetal or infantile exposure to ethanol promotes ethanol ingestion in adolescence and adulthood: a theoretical review.
Norman E. Spear;Juan C. Molina.
Alcoholism: Clinical and Experimental Research (2005)
Effects of prenatal cocaine exposure on behavior during the early postnatal period.
Linda P. Spear;Cheryl L. Kirstein;J. Bell;V. Yoottanasumpun.
Neurotoxicology and Teratology (1989)
Social behavior and social motivation in adolescent rats: role of housing conditions and partner's activity.
Elena I Varlinskaya;Linda P Spear;Norman E Spear.
Physiology & Behavior (1999)
The Expression of Knowledge
Robert L. Isaacson;Norman E. Spear.
Effect of age and punishment condition on long-term retention by the rat of active- and passive-avoidance learning.
David A. Feigley;Norman E. Spear.
Journal of Comparative and Physiological Psychology (1970)
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