Mark Spalding mainly focuses on Ecology, Environmental resource management, Reef, Biodiversity and Marine ecosystem. His work on Coral reef, Mangrove and Natural resource as part of general Ecology research is frequently linked to Futures studies, thereby connecting diverse disciplines of science. His Environmental resource management research is multidisciplinary, relying on both Environmental degradation and Ecosystem, Marine ecoregions, Ecosystem services.
His Marine ecoregions research includes elements of Marine spatial planning, Spatial analysis, Ecosystem-based management and Ecosystem model. The study incorporates disciplines such as IUCN Red List and Habitat in addition to Biodiversity. His research investigates the link between Marine ecosystem and topics such as Environmental issues with coral reefs that cross with problems in Coral bleaching and Aquaculture of coral.
His primary areas of investigation include Environmental resource management, Ecology, Fishery, Mangrove and Ecosystem services. His Environmental resource management research incorporates themes from Biodiversity, Marine protected area, Ecology, Marine ecosystem and Climate change. In his works, Mark Spalding performs multidisciplinary study on Marine ecosystem and Global Map.
Mark Spalding has included themes like Archipelago, Habitat and Tourism in his Fishery study. In general Mangrove, his work in Aerial root is often linked to Distribution linking many areas of study. His study in Ecosystem services is interdisciplinary in nature, drawing from both Ecosystem management and Resource management.
Mark Spalding spends much of his time researching Mangrove, Environmental resource management, Ecosystem services, Environmental planning and Ecosystem. His Mangrove study integrates concerns from other disciplines, such as Hydrology, Deforestation and Blue carbon. Ecology is closely connected to Terrigenous sediment in his research, which is encompassed under the umbrella topic of Deforestation.
Mark Spalding regularly ties together related areas like Ecology in his Environmental resource management studies. His Ecosystem services research incorporates elements of Biodiversity and German. His Ecosystem research integrates issues from Climate security and Threatened species.
Mark Spalding mainly investigates Mangrove, Distribution, Environmental resource management, Horizon and Biodiversity. His Mangrove study necessitates a more in-depth grasp of Fishery. His research in Environmental resource management intersects with topics in Nature Conservation and Population abundance.
His Horizon study deals with Global change intersecting with Ecosystem services. Mark Spalding interconnects Permafrost and Land use in the investigation of issues within Biodiversity. His research integrates issues of Reef, Ecosystem and Threatened species in his study of Climate change.
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A Global Map of Human Impact on Marine Ecosystems
Marine Ecoregions of the World: A Bioregionalization of Coastal and Shelf Areas
Marine biodiversity hotspots and conservation priorities for tropical reefs
World Atlas Of Mangroves
Assessing the global threat of invasive species to marine biodiversity
Frontiers in Ecology and the Environment (2008)
World atlas of coral reefs
Measuring the extent and effectiveness of protected areas as an indicator for meeting global biodiversity targets
Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B (2005)
World Mangrove Atlas
Reefs at Risk: A Map-Based Indicator of Threats to the World's Coral Reefs
Reefs at Risk Revisited
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