There may have been a time in your college life when you had to stop studying because you ran out of funds, or you needed to devote time to your family, or you had to go to work to support your family. You might also be a student who has finished an associate degree from a community college but lacks enough credits to earn a bachelor’s degree. In both instances, you can decide to pursue further studies through community college transfer credit systems that are offered in most universities.
A number of universities are accepting transfer credits from community college students. Based on data from the National Center for Education Statistics, 20% to 50% of students entering universities are transferees from community colleges (Chen, 2019).
This article discusses the factors that influence credit transferability from community colleges to other institutions, as well as how specific credits can be transferred to help you earn a degree in your chosen university.
Students opt to study at community colleges because they can earn a degree faster and at a lower cost. After earning an Associate Degree, most students want to pursue a four-year degree in a university. In fact, 49% of students who complete their bachelor’s degree in the country transferred from community colleges (Mullane, 2020).
However, not all those looking for a college credit transfer to universities are successful. Research by Chen (2020) shows that only 40% of community college students who want to earn a four-year degree are successful in transferring to a university. This can be attributed to the increasingly complex transfer process followed by different academic institutions.
Demographic factors may also come to play, albeit, inconclusively based on local studies. For one, the article published in Higher Education by Giani 2019 found that students in Hawaii and North Carolina expressed distinct values in terms of credit loss during a community college-to-university transfer. The study noted that: “White students had the lowest rate of credit loss at 6.1%, apart from American Indian subgroup that constituted only 0.7% of the sample. Black and Asian students both had credit loss rates greater than 10%, and non-resident alien students lost 12.0% of their credits. Males lost slightly more credits than females (7.7% vs. 6.7%), and in contrast to Hawaii, older students in the North Carolina sample lost a higher percentage of credits compared to younger students (8.2% vs. 6.7%).”
Some community colleges have made arrangements with universities regarding transfer credits. However, the specific set of subjects that will guarantee credits to be transferred continue to be unclear to most students. The requirements for transferring to universities also differ from one university to another because of the autonomy given by the state to most institutions.
College credit transfer equivalency is influenced by many factors. These include accreditation and articulation agreements between institutions, your academic grades, and the relevance of your course credits to the degree that you are applying for.
Many students who enter community colleges are unsure of the career path that they want to tread. Some students are about to graduate from an associate degree only to find out that they will need additional units and certifications before they can practice their chosen profession. If you find yourself in this predicament, you can look for an academic institution that will accept your previous school as a credible provider of quality education based on accreditation.
If the community college you attended has been accredited either by a national or regional accreditation body, then there is a huge probability that your credits can be transferred to your chosen university program (Itzkowitz et al, 2018). On the other hand, if your previous school is not accredited by an accrediting organization in the country, chances are your courses will not be eligible for credit transfer.
Universities check for the accreditation of community colleges because they are aware that accredited community colleges have created rigorous efforts in ensuring that the coursework submitted by their graduates has met excellent educational standards.
In looking for a college or a university that you want to transfer to, you should look for one that has an articulation agreement with the school where you received credits from. Articulation agreements refer to arrangements involving transfer policies that will make it easier for you to transfer from one college to another (Endsley, 2019). Many schools have successfully guided students in transferring their credits to a program that they want to pursue through these special agreements.
To illustrate, if you are a student enrolled at Arizona Community College, you will receive extra transfer support should you choose to pursue further studies at Northern Arizona University since these two schools have special articulation agreements (Chen, 2019). In most instances, you will only be able to transfer your full associate degree to a bachelor’s degree if your community college has an excellent transfer articulation agreement with that university.
Courses that you have completed in a community college can generally be transferred if you get at least a C, and if these are consistent with the subjects that are offered at your chosen school. However, it is best if you can research the transfer policy of the school you wish to enter since some universities do not give credits for courses with grades lower than B (Franklin University, 2021).
Before enrolling in an associate degree, you should first examine what university degree you want to explore in the future. This is to facilitate the easy transfer of credits to the degree program you want to be part of. Otherwise, many subjects that you took in your community college may not be credited at the university level.
Not all your course credits can be transferred when you move from one school to another. Only those that are relevant to the degree you are applying for are most likely to be credited. For instance, a biology course from your previous degree in nursing can be eligible to be credited to a pharmacy bachelor’s program. Conversely, a biology course may not be credited if you are planning to transfer to a baccalaureate degree in Business Administration.
Some universities also base the relevance of courses on when you took them. Since there are subjects with topics that continuously change and upgrade, such as Information Technology, your credits may be unlikely to be transferred if these were taken years ago. On the other hand, subjects with content that does not change, such as Educational Theories and Psychological Foundations of Behavior, may be credited regardless of the year you earned them.
Source: U.S. News, 2020Designed by
Most bachelor’s degree programs need 120 hours of coursework before you become eligible to graduate. The majority of courses are worth four credit hours each. In choosing to transfer from a community college to another institution, you should understand what your chosen school’s transfer policy is and how you can successfully enter their program without losing your hard-earned credits from your previous college.
If you have already earned an associate degree or completed most of your education credits from another institution, you should learn about the transfer acceptance policy of the school that you want to attend to know if their requirements match your credentials. This is essential to find out if the maximum number of credits that you earned are eligible to be transferred to the program that you wish to pursue. Transfer policies between schools vary, and it would help if you would take the time to browse through your desired university’s website for its transfer policy. By understanding what is expected, you can optimize your time and finish your degree faster.
Based on the article of Pearson (2019), community college students lose approximately 40%, or an entire semester’s worth of credits, during the transfer process because of the confusion brought about by inefficient transfer policies. This means that the majority of students spend 5.1 years to finish their four-year bachelor’s degree, while most take 3.4 years to complete a two-year associate’s degree (Mullane, 2020). As an implication, the more times that you transfer, the longer it will take for you to earn your degree.
One of the most important documents that you need to have when you are preparing for academic transfer is your college transcript. Even if you did not complete a degree at that school or if there was a lengthy gap in your education, it would be best to prepare all transcripts that would substantiate the coursework and training that you have received as a student.
Admissions officers and university advisors will look into the number of units that can be credited to their program based on the subjects that you took and the grades you incurred in these subjects (Friedman & Moody, 2020). If your transcript satisfies the transfer requirements of the university you wish to transfer to, then you can expect that the maximum allowable credits by the school can be transferred to the program you are applying for.
Meeting with university or college advisors will help you to determine which of your subject credits can be transferred to the university program you are applying for. University advisors can also assist you in understanding the specific transfer process employed in their university. By looking at your transcript, advisors can also provide insights if you have a positive chance of getting your credits transferred based on your grades and the relevance of your credits to the program you want to enter (Lukszo, 2019).
Aside from coordinating with the advisor from the institution that you want to enter, it would also be helpful to speak with an advisor from your own community college. By communicating with both of them, you will be able to easily map out course units that can be credited and requirements that you should prepare to facilitate a smooth transfer to your chosen school. In a recent survey conducted by the National Task Force on Transfer of Credit, it was noted that 80% of college students believed that the advisors from their colleges were able to help them in transferring to their chosen institution and in earning their degree efficiently. (St. Amour, 2020)
Transfer credit refers to the process of accepting a student’s prior learning and experiences as represented in the number of course units that are articulated on a student’s academic transcript. Aside from coursework, credits about professional training and life experiences can also be accepted as transfer credits from community colleges to other institutions.
The most common way of transferring credits from community college to another academic institution is by showing the coursework you completed during your college years. This is the reason why you should bring all your transcripts with you. Generally, courses that you have completed at accredited institutions will be transferred, except those that are considered irrelevant to the program that you are choosing to pursue at a university level (CollegeTransfer.net). Most universities accept a maximum of 90 credits to be transferred to your degree. This implies that you are required to accomplish at least 30 credits in that academic institution before you can earn a degree.
Aside from coursework, you can also gain credit from the professional training that you received through internships and employment positions. In most competency-based degrees offered in universities, credits taken from professional training, such as those from the military, can be transferred as units. You should look for a college or university that will accept credits that you have earned from your previous professional and training activities. This will help you in obtaining your degree easier and faster.
Military members can benefit from a competency-based degree because it allows their professional training experiences to be credited when they seek to transfer to universities. Similarly, working adults who have gained substantial professional training in their chosen careers can also apply for transfer credit eligibility should they wish to pursue further studies in institutions. The research of Cleary (2020) reported that 57% of students who earned their degrees were able to transfer credit units acquired from mastering competencies related to their professional training experiences.
Working adults or returning students may have life experiences that can be considered equivalent to college-level learning. As such, many academic institutions credit life experiences, such as work and training, towards the completion of an undergraduate degree. In determining whether your life experiences can be credited to the program you are eyeing to complete, it would be helpful if you would speak with a university advisor. An advisor can inform you if you should show a portfolio of your life experiences or if you should take a challenge exam to prove that you have accomplished the necessary skills and competencies that merit a credit transfer.
Source: National Center for Education Statistics, 2019
Deciding to transfer from a community college to a university entails careful analysis of your options. Whatever your reason is for making this shift, it is always good to have an understanding of what articulation agreements are, what factors contribute to a smooth transfer of credits, and how university advisors can assist you in the process.