77 Massachusetts Avenue, Cambridge, MA 02139-4307, USA
The Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) was established in 1861 by William Barton Rogers, a geologist and naturalist, who envisioned a new type of institution that would merge scientific research with practical application. This was in response to the increasing demand for technical education in the United States, particularly in science and engineering fields. Initially, MIT faced financial challenges and a shortage of students, but its fortunes began to improve in the late 19th century as it attracted more students and faculty. In 1896, MIT founded the first academic department of electrical engineering in the United States, solidifying its reputation as a leader in scientific research and education.
Throughout the early 20th century, MIT expanded its academic offerings and research programs. In 1914, it established the first academic department of aeronautical engineering in the United States, which played a crucial role in the development of aviation technology during World War I. In the 1930s, MIT became a research hub for nuclear physics and contributed significantly to the development of the atomic bomb during World War II.
Post-war, MIT continued to broaden its research programs and academic offerings. In the 1950s and 1960s, it emerged as a center for research in computer science and artificial intelligence, playing a pivotal role in the development of the internet. In the 1970s and 1980s, MIT led the way in biotechnology and nanotechnology research and established the first academic department of neuroscience in the United States.
MIT's success can be attributed to its dedication to scientific research and practical application, as well as its emphasis on interdisciplinary collaboration and innovation. The institute has a long history of working closely with industry and government to develop new technologies and tackle complex problems, maintaining its position as a leader in scientific research and education.
Originally located in Boston, MIT's campus was delayed in opening due to the outbreak of the American Civil War. The first classes were held in Boston in 1865, with 15 students enrolled. In 1916, MIT relocated to its current location in Cambridge, Massachusetts, along the Charles River.
MIT's founding philosophy emphasized the teaching of scientific principles that form the basis and explanation of arts, rather than the minute details of the arts themselves. The institute pioneered the use of laboratory instruction, and its curriculum was rooted in three principles: the educational value of useful knowledge, the necessity of "learning by doing," and integrating a professional and liberal arts education at the undergraduate level.
Under the administration of president Karl T. Compton (1930–48), MIT evolved from a well-regarded technical school into an internationally recognized center for scientific and technical research. During the Great Depression, its faculty established prominent research centers in various fields, most notably analog computing (led by Vannevar Bush) and aeronautics (led by Charles Stark Draper).
Massachusetts Institute of Technology, a prestigious research university situated in Cambridge, Massachusetts, comprises five distinct schools. These schools encompass a wide range of academic disciplines, catering to the diverse interests of prospective students.
The School of Architecture and Planning at Massachusetts Institute of Technology provides undergraduate and graduate programs in architecture, urban studies and planning, as well as art, culture, and technology. As the largest school within the university, the School of Engineering offers undergraduate and graduate programs in various engineering fields, such as aerospace, chemical, civil, electrical, and mechanical engineering.
For those interested in humanities, arts, and social sciences, the School of Humanities, Arts, and Social Sciences at Massachusetts Institute of Technology offers undergraduate and graduate programs in subjects like economics, history, literature, philosophy, political science, and music. The Sloan School of Management focuses on business and management, providing undergraduate and graduate programs in these areas.
Lastly, the School of Science at Massachusetts Institute of Technology offers undergraduate and graduate programs in scientific fields such as biology, chemistry, mathematics, and physics. In addition to these five schools, the university also hosts several interdisciplinary programs and research centers, including the Media Lab, the Computer Science and Artificial Intelligence Laboratory, and the Koch Institute for Integrative Cancer Research.
These centers facilitate collaboration between faculty and students from different departments and schools, fostering cutting-edge research projects. The commitment of Massachusetts Institute of Technology to interdisciplinary research and collaboration ensures that students and faculty have access to a wealth of resources and opportunities for intellectual exploration and innovation.
The Massachusetts Institute of Technology is situated in the city of Cambridge, in the Northeast region of the United States. The campus spans over 168 acres on the north bank of the Charles River, covering more than a mile (1.6 km) of land. The institute's address is 77 Massachusetts Avenue, with a ZIP code of 02139-4307. For those traveling by air, the nearest airport to the campus is Logan International.
Cambridge is a vibrant city known for its strong academic atmosphere, as it is home to several prestigious universities. This environment provides prospective students with a rich intellectual and cultural experience.
The mission of Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) revolves around advancing knowledge and educating students in various fields, including science, technology, and other areas of scholarship. This education aims to serve the nation and the world in the 21st century by addressing global challenges through the generation, dissemination, and preservation of knowledge. The institution is dedicated to collaborating with others to apply this knowledge to the world's most pressing issues.
While the vision of Massachusetts Institute of Technology is not explicitly stated, its underlying purpose is to create a better world through education, research, and innovation. The institution aspires to be a reliable source of solutions for a wide range of global challenges and continues to excel in this pursuit through its research and innovation centers. Additionally, MIT takes pride in the accomplishments of its students in various companies and organizations worldwide.
To achieve its mission and vision, Massachusetts Institute of Technology adheres to core values that include integrity, collaboration, student-centeredness, community, diversity and inclusion, and innovation. These values play a crucial role in fostering a healthy culture and environment, enabling individuals to reach their full potential. As a result, MIT has established itself as a reputable institution, thanks in part to these core values.
Massachusetts Institute of Technology is accredited by the New England Commission of Higher Education (NECHE), which conducts a comprehensive evaluation of the institution every 10 years as part of the reaccreditation process. In June 2020, the Commission extended MIT's accreditation, with the next comprehensive review set for Fall 2029. Furthermore, the university holds regional accreditation from the New England Association of Schools and Colleges, Commission on Institutions of Higher Education.
In addition to institutional accreditation, Massachusetts Institute of Technology's various programs have also received accreditation from specialized organizations. For instance, the Aerospace Engineering, Chemical Engineering, Computer Science and Engineering programs are accredited by the Accreditation Board for Engineering and Technology (ABET). Moreover, the Business program at MIT is accredited by the Association to Advance Collegiate Schools of Business (AACSB). These accreditations ensure that prospective students can trust the quality and rigor of the education provided by Massachusetts Institute of Technology.
Name of the institutionMassachusetts Institute of Technology
Level of institutionFour or more years
Granulation by control over the institution (public/private)Private
Setting typeCity: Midsize
Institution size category10,000 - 19,999
Main student bodyCoeducational
Institutional CategoryDegree - granting, primarily baccalaureate or above
Biological and Biomedical Sciences$44,967
Computer and Information Sciences and Support Services$118,191
Liberal Arts and Sciences, General Studies and Humanities$85,273
Mathematics and Statistics$82,796