Nowadays, biometrics applications are diffused worldwide to improve security level in accessing to resources and services as well as for law enforcement and prevention of fraudolent or criminal actions. But there are many cases in which biometrics techniques can be usefully exploited even after a crime has been committed. To this regard, the FBI\'s Forensic Unit (FAVIAU) about a decade ago anticipated the need for stimulating the research and development of biometric methods aimed to assisting forensic examiners committed in human identification and eventually improving the efficiency of examination workflow by means of automated biometric applications. Besides more obvious identifiers like face, ear and speech, also other less explored biometrics like hand, gait, knuckle patterns and even height are potentially interesting in the context of forensics investigations. Considering another perspective, biometric applications are subject to various fraudulent attacks – in this context, techniques developed in the field of multimedia forensics can be applied to biometrics, e.g. to detect malicious data manipulations, to authenticate a biometric sensor used for data acquisition or to detect presentation attacks against biometric sensors by analysing eventual recapturing effects. Finally, since the enabling technologies in multimedia forensics are similar to those used for identification and verification purposes in biometrics and forensics, the integration of these areas is seamless.
Starting from these considerations, this special issue will focus on the proposal of biometric techiniques and methods applied to the forensics domain as well as the development of digital forensic techniques to be applied in biometrics. Prospective authors are solicited to explore all aspects of “forensic biometrics”, with particular regard, but not limited to, audio, video and image analysis techniques. Contributions concerning biometrics still unexplored in forensics will be particularly welcome. Reports or case studies on biometric systems applied to forensics and vice versa are also of interest.
Recommended topics include (but are not limited to) the following:
New biometrics in the context of forensics.
Systems and methods for the collection, processing, and exploitation of digital biometric evidence.
Determination of the degree of uniqueness of facial landmarks and their relationships
Definition, detection and analysis of facial minutiae (blemishes, scars, moles, freckles)
Methods and metrics for ear analysis in forensics
Methods and metrics for gait analysis in forensics
Methods for hands measurements and statistics
Methods for knuckle creases measurements and comparison
Multi-biometric approaches to the analysis of crime scene evidences
Methods for automated/assisted height determination
Biometric system methodologies in digital forensics
Digital Forensics in Biometric Systems
Papers Submission Period: 1-30 November 2016
Notification of Final Decision: .May 30 2017
Papers must be submitted online via the Pattern Recognition Letters website (http://ees.elsevier.com/patrec/), selecting the choice that indicates this special issue (identifier: IBF). Prepare your paper following the Journal guidelines for Authors (http://www.elsevier.com/wps/find/journaldescription.cws_home/505619/authorinstructions), which include specifications for submissions aimed at Special Issues.
For additional information, please contact one of the Guest Editors at the addresses below: